Streets and Roads.
- Label the Intersection in English:
Bench, corner, crosswalk , fire hydrant, sidewalk, stop sign, street, traffic light
- Give the definition to the names of the streets and roads in English.
E.g.: A bypass is a road or highway that avoids or “bypasses” a built-up area, town, or village, to let through traffic flow without interference from local traffic, to reduce congestion in the built-up area, and to improve road safety.
cross someone’s path
get the show on the road
lead someone up the garden path
parting of the ways
right up (your) street
stand in someone’s way
streets ahead (of)
Ex 1. The paragraphs in this instruction manual about the safest way to cross roads have become mixed up. Make the correct sequence.
THE GREEN CROSS CODE
FIRST FIND A SAFE PLACE TO CROSS, THEN STOP
It is safer to cross at subways, footbridges, islands. Zebra and Pelican crossings or where there is a police officer, school crossing patrol or a traffic warden. If you can’t find any good crossing places like these, choose a place where you can see clearly along the roads in all directions, Try not to cross between parked cars, Always STOP at the kerb to give yourself lots of time to have a good look all round.
STAND ON THE PAVEMENT NEAR THE KERB
Don’t stand near the edge of the pavement. If there is no pavement, stand back from the edge of the road but where you can still see traffic coming,
LOOK ALL ROUND FOR TRAFFIC AND LISTEN
Traffic may be corning from any direction, so take care to look along every road, and listen too, because you can sometimes hear traffic before you can see it.
IF TRAFFIC IS COMING, LET IT PASS. LOOK ALL ROUND AGAIN
If there is any traffic near, let it go past. Then look round again and listen to make sure no other traffic is coming.
WHEN THERE IS NO TRAFFIC NEAR, WALK STRAIGHT ACROSS THE ROAD
If there is something in the distance do not cross unless there is plenty of time to reach the other side.
KEEP LOOKING AND LISTENING FOR TRAFFIC WHILE YOU CROSS
Once you are in the road, keep looking and listening in case you did not see some traffic – or in case other traffic suddenly appears.
Who are the instructions written for? Are they well written?
Using the Instructions for The Green Cross Code as a model, write brief instructions for visitors to your country on:
a how to cross roads.
b what to do at roundabouts.
c what to do at road junctions.
Ex 2. Distribute the words according to their meaning:
Road, pavement, kerb, island, traffic lights, pedestrian crossing, crossroads, roundabout, footbridge, flyover, one way street, cul de sac, junction.
For the use of pedestrians only:
For the use of vehicles only:
For both vehicles and pedestrians:
Ex 3. What’s the difference between the following pairs of words? Put them in the correct sentences to find out.
- a road and a street
- a road and a path
- a subway and an underpass
- a main road and a side-street
- a street and an avenue
- a path and an a//ey
- a road and a way
1 Both are for pedestrians but a …. can be in the open …………… while an ……………… goes between houses or trees etc.
2 A …………is for walking under a road; an …………….. is often a road under another road.
3 A ………… is a specific thoroughfare; ……………. describes the route in general.
4 A ………… usually has shops and offices on either side; an ……….is often wider and has trees.
5 A ……………… is the principal thoroughfare; a ………… is less important and usually joins it.
6 A ………………. can be in the town or country and usually leads to another town; a …………… is usually in a town and has shops and other buildings.
7 A ……………….. is for vehicles; a ……………………. is for people and animals to walk on.
Ex 4. Match these sentences (1,2,3 etc) with what people are saying (a,b,c, etc):
1 Don’t disagree with me or make my life difficult again.
2 He is fooling you.
3 It should be the kind of thing we like.
4 We have a definite advantage over the other people who do the same kind of thing.
5 We should split up.
6 Why don’t we start now?
7 You oppose me and I’ll make your job difficult.
8 You should do things on your own – be responsible for your own actions.
a i think he s leading you up the garden path.
b We re streets ahead of the competition
c We’ve got no time to lose! Let’s get this show on the road.
e If you stand in my way I’ll ruin your career.
d Don’t cross my path again!
g I’m afraid we become to a parting of the ways.
e The play should be tight up our street.
f Its time you went your own way.
Ex 5. Use a dictionary to find the meaning of the following words.
Lane, tailback, alternative routes, slip roads, clockwise, re-surfacing, contraflow, roadworks, carriageway.
Put the words in the correct blanks in the following radio transcript.
A: . . . and we’ve got some gloomy news for drivers in and around north London.
B: Yes. John, that’s right. Owing to an accident there are long delays on the M25 going In an anti-t 1 ………………. indirection between junctions 23 and 25. Drivers are advised to leave the motorway at exit 25.
A: There has been a serious accident on the southbound (2) ………….. of the M 11 between Junctions 7 and 8. There is a six-mile (3) ………………… and drivers are advised to find alternative routes.
B: On a less serious note (4) ………………… are taking place on the A10 at Hoddesdon where the A 10 joins the B 19. Delays are expected all this week. Drivers should take (5) ………………… to their destinations.
A: And finally, because of (6) ………………… work on the northbound carriageway of the M 11 between Junctions 4 and 5, a (7) …………. system is in operation and traffic is restricted to one (8) ……….. only in both directions. There are long delays and there are even traffic jams on the (9) ………………..at junction 5. So why don’t you just stay at home! I would!
Ex 6. In groups tell each other about:
- how you feel when you get in a traffic jam.
- what you do when you get in a traffic jam.
- when traffic jams take place in your area.
- why traffic jams take place in your area,
- the worst traffic jam you’ve ever been in.
Ex 7. Using a dictionary choose the best answer a, b or c in the following sentences.
1 Where would you find a crash barrier on a motorway?
a on the central reservation
b in a motorway service area
c in the fast lane
2 What goes round a town?
a a bypass
b a dual carriageway
c a ring road
3 What normally runs along the side of motorways?
a a lay by
b a grass verge
c a hard shoulder
4 What takes boats on water across a road?
o an aqueduct
b a bridge
c a viaduct
5 Which roads are supposed to carry the least traffic?
a unclassified roads
Refer to Focus Words and Focus Phrases only.
- Think of a journey from your house to another place you go to frequently. Find words that describe things you see or experience on your journey.
- Which words or phrases from the list:
- were new to you in this unit?
- have you found most easy to learn?
- will you remember for longest, do you think?
Go along here, turn right into the main road, then take the first turning on your left. Keep going, and then turn left again when you get to the bank.
- Complete the text for directions to the bank using the map to help you.
Go ……………..and………………..at the junction. Then you………….. and ………………..right. When you ……………. the ……………….. Then ………………….again …………….Road. And the bank is …………….. just ……………… cinema.
- Which words in the box are verbs, parts of a car, or words to do with the road.
Lane, roundabout, crash, junction, brake, bonnet, bend, swerve, overtake, gear, reverse, indicate, windscreen, clutch, skid, services, steering wheel.
- Explain how to get from your house to the nearest railway station. Add any other words or expressions about locations you meet.
- H/W: Describe the layout of your home.
H/W Reading: BUS STOP
Sharon: Hey, this is a great place, huh?
Fred: Yeah, I guess so. But remember, this was your idea, not mine. I guess I’m ready to take in the art museum.
Sharon: Great. Let’s take a cab.
Fred: Come on, that’s too expensive. I’m not going to fork out big bucks for a cab. We’ll take a city bus.
Sharon: But we don’t know how the buses run here.
Fred: Well, it should be easy enough to find out.
Sharon: We could ask that bus driver over there, I guess.
Fred: Not that one. He’s a Greyhound driver. We need a city bus driver. Here’s one. Excuse me, ma’am. Could you tell us how to get to Pacific and Fifth?
Driver: You take the 55 and transfer to the 103 at Pacific. The 55 runs every 15 minutes, and the 103 runs on the half-hour. You can get a schedule on the rack over there.
Fred: Thank you, ma’am.
Driver: Don’t mention it.
Sharon: She seemed a little grumpy.
Fred: You’d be grumpy too if people asked you the same questions day after day. We could have called the bus company and gotten the information we needed.
Sharon: Yeah, but we didn’t know the name of the company.
Fred: We probably could’ve looked in the yellow pages under “Bus Lines.”
Sharon: Well, live and learn. Hey! Here comes bus number 55. It’s right on time, too!
(Boarding the bus)
Driver: I c a n ‘ t a k e your dollar bill. We only take exact change.
Sharon: Oh, nuts! I don’t have any change.
Fred: Wait a sec. I know I’ve got it here somewhere.
Sharon: Great! Say, driver, could you tell us when we get to Pacific Avenue? We’ve gotta change to another bus.
Driver: Then you’re each going to need a transfer.
Fred: Oh, that’s right. Thanks.
Sharon: Boy! Look at all the traffic. We’ll be lucky if we can connect with the 103.
Fred: Not to worry. Just kick back and enjoy the ride. It’s sure nice not to be driving for a change.
Sharon: But this is taking so much longer than I thought it would. I sure hope we make it on time.
Fred: Take it easy, we’ll make it.
Driver: Jefferson Street. Next stop, Pacific Avenue.
Fred: Oh. That’s us. Ours is the next stop.
Sharon: Thank you, driver.
(Getting off the bus)
Fred: Well, it looks like we’ve missed the 103.
Sharon: How d’ya know?
Fred: I just saw it go by.
Sharon: Sometimes a driver can hold another bus by calling ahead on his telephone, if he knows someone needs it.
Fred: Buses have telephones?
Sharon: Yeah. Most of them do. That way if there’s an emergency, they can get help quickly.
Fred: We’re a little too late for that. We should have thought to ask him to call ahead before we got off.
Sharon: It could be worse. We could be on our way to school or to work instead of the art museum.
Fred: That’s true, but if I were going to school,or to work, I’d be in my car and I’d leave my house early just to be on the safe side. I hate being late, especially to class.
Sharon: I guess during the week there’re probably more buses running.
Fred: There sure are. They’re all listed here in the schedule. Hey wait a minute. There’s a bus that goes to Pacific and Fifth every 45 minutes from the next corner. See? It’s right here in the schedule!
Sharon: Fantastic! Let’s hurry so we don’t miss that one, too.
(One hour later)
Fred Finally! There’s the museum. Do you see it? It’s right across the street.
Sharon All right! We made it! Say, what’s that sign out in front?
Fred It looks like . . . oh, no. I can’t believe it. The sign says:”Museum Closed for Remodeling.”
- Where does Sharon want to go?
- Why doesn’t Fred want to take a cab?
- What street are Fred and Sharon going to?
- Whom do they ask for help?
- How else could they have gotten help?
- When do they have to transfer?
- Do you think they are in a strange city? Why?
- Why don’t they go to the museum?
pull over (verb): to stop a vehicle to the side of the road
down to an art (verb): to learn something very well
cruise (verb): to drive at a moderate speed, often leisurely or aimlessly
do you have the time (verb): “Do you know what time it is?”
authentic (adjective): real, not counterfeited
- Fill in the gaps (0) with an appropriate words.
Passenger: Hey Taxi! Ah great. Thanks for (1) over.
Driver: Where to?
Passenger: Well, I’m going to the National Museum of Art, and . . . .
Driver: Sure. Hop in. No problem. Hang on!
Passenger: Uh. Excuse me. How long does it take to get there?
Driver: Well, that all depends on the (2), but it shouldn’t take more than twenty minutes for the average driver. [Oh]. And I’m not average. I have driving down to an art, so we should be able to (3) through traffic and get there in less than twelve minutes.
Passenger: Okay. Uh, sorry for asking [Yeah?], but do you have any idea how much the (4) will be?
Driver: Oh, it shouldn’t be more than 18 dollars . . . not including a . . . uh-hum . . . a (5) of course.
Passenger: Oh, and by the way, do you know what time the museum closes?
Driver: Well, I would guess around 6:00 O’clock.
Passenger: Uh, do you have the time?
Driver: Yeah. It’s half past four. [Thanks] Uh, this IS your first time to the city, right?
Passenger: Yeah. How did you know?
Driver: Well, you can tell (6) from a mile away in this city because they walk down the street looking straight up at the skyscrapers.
Passenger: Was it that obvious?
Driver: Well . . .
Passenger: Oh, before I forget, can you recommend any good restaurants downtown that offer meals at a (7) price?
Driver: Umm . . . Well, the Mexican restaurant, La Fajita, is (8). [Oh] It’s not as inexpensive as other places I know, but the (9) is very authentic, [Okay] and the portions are larger than most places I’ve been to.
Passenger: Sounds great! How do I get there from the museum?
Driver: Well, you can catch the subway right outside the museum. There are buses that run that way, but you would have to (10) a couple of times. And there are taxis too, but they don’t run by the museum that often.
Passenger: Okay. Thanks.