Lesson 3: Means of Traveling

Vocabulary to learn:

  1. next to
  2. one-way street
  3. on the way
  4. package tour
  5. passer-by
  6. path
  7. pedestrian
  8. pedestrian crossing
  9. pelican crossing
  10. pier
  11. pilot
  12. port of call
  13. port of departure
  14. port of destination
  15. port of registry
  16. porter
  17. quay
  18. quayside
  19. receptionist
  20. reservation
  21. resort
  22. re-surfacing
  23. return ticket
  24. ring road
  25. road
  26. road works
  27. roundabout
  28. round trip
  29. route
  30. runway
  31. rush hour
  32. saddle
  33. safety belt
  34. scooter
  35. season ticket
  36. service station
  37. side-road
  38. single/twin bed
  39. single ticket
  40. sleeping car
  41. slip roads
  42. snack-bar
  43. soft shoulder
  44. spa
  45. speed-limit
  46. speedometer
  47. stand-by
  48. station
  49. stewardess
  50. stopover
  51. subway
  52. suite
  53. tailback
  54. tandem
  55. terminal
  56. through train



get in   (car, taxi)

get out of(car, taxi, house, building)     

get on  (bus, airplane, train, subway, bicycle)

get off  (bus, airplane, train, subway, bicycle)



Read through this rather long text over, noting some of the key words concerned with trains, boats, cars, coaches and planes. As you read, note down the details of each of the six journeys described.


Travel Broadens the Mind

June 29th … June 30th … July 1st. And they’re off. Suitcases packed. Notes left for the milkman. Arrangements made for the budgerigar to be looked after. They’re all off.


Uncle Bill and Auntie Jane are on the quayside at the cross-channel portof Dover – the first stage of their Mediterranean cruise — ‘the voyage of a lifetime’ their travel agent called it. They’ve been through customs (half an hour’s delaywhile suitcases were emptied in search of missing passports) and they’ll be embarking soon. When they go aboard, Bill will finally be allowed to take those boarding cards out of his mouth.


Uncle Bill and Auntie Jane have settled into their cabin, unpacked their things and have gone up on deck. The sea is calm, the sunset is out of this world, and Uncle Bill is beginning to feel just a little bit seasick. They are due to set sail in half an hour.

Uncle Bill is on the bridge with the captain, asking him if there’s any chance of being put ashore before the sea gets any rougher.


Granny’s at the coach station armed with her special old-age pensioner’s season ticket — a kind of awayday, runabout, extended period, half-price ticket rolled into one. Today she’s off on a one-day sightseeing excursion to Stonehenge, BlackpoolTower and Canterbury Cathedral.

Granny’s having her packed dinner and gazing at the silhouette of Canterbury Cathedral against the night sky. No matter. She can sleep on the return journey (reclining seats and air-conditioning on the coach), and tomorrow’s another day.


‘Porter!’ ‘Sir?’ ‘How much?’ ’50p.’ ‘No thanks; I’ll manage my own luggage.’ Uncle Mac is about to board the 10.40 inter-city express to Glasgow for a fortnight’s holiday back in the homeland. ‘Do I have to change?’ ‘No, it’s a through train, sir,non-stop all the way.’ It looks as if quite a few expatriates have had the same idea. The compartments all look full – especially the non-smokers – and the buffet car already sounds like Glasgow on the night of a Celtic-Rangers football match.


Julia’s with her boyfriend at the airport, kicking their cases through the departure lounge of what they hope is Terminal 3 and the right place to be for the package holiday charter flight that their tour operator assured them would be leaving sometime this morning. To their right, the 1st class passengers are sipping champagne cocktails; to their left, those in economy and tourist class are drinking coffee from the machine and, under their feet, those on stand-by, are looking hopefully up from their sandwiches.

Crashes at take-off, mid-air collisions, flight recorders never recovered, no survivors … ‘This is your captain speaking’wakes Julia’s boyfriend up. Another nightmare over. The stewardess is smiling down at him. ‘Fasten your seat-belts, please.’

Julia’s plane has landed. Her boyfriend’s wondering whether to try and save something from the bottles of duty-free spirits he’s just dropped. Julia’s more interested in the connecting bus that’s supposed to take them to their finaldestination.


Mum and Dad are already on the open road. They decided to make an early start on their touring holiday through the Loire valley. “Your turn to drive now. Come on, let’s get moving. Switch on, then. OK, it’s all clear. Pull out, there’s nothing coming. Well, take the handbrake off. Right, indicate. Come on, drive away. At last! Right, keep over. Keep to the right. Change gear, then. Come on, accelerate!’

‘Right, here’s a garage. ‘Essence’ must mean petrol station. We’d better pull in. Come on, slow down. Now, what’s French for ‘fill up the tank’ and ‘top up the battery’and…?’


Oh dear. Granny’s coach has got stuck in a traffic jam, a queue of cars as far as the eye can see. OK, so central Birmingham is on the direct route from Blackpool to Canterbury. But during the rush-hour? With thousands of commuters heading for home? Not a good plan. After all, what are bypasses and ringroads for? ‘Right, you can overtake this one. There’s no speed limit here. Oh, a diversion. You’d better turn off the main road. Pull across to the middle. Now keep in the right lane. I mean the left lane. I mean …’

Traffic is still crawling along behind and in front of Granny’s coach. You can see the casualties by the side of the road, in lay-bys and on the grass verges – bonnets up, overheated engines, steaming radiators. The guide is into his second hour on the history of Canterbury Cathedral. ‘Toilets 1 mile!’ the cry is heard. There is great happiness.


‘Well, it’s about time we found a bed for the night, don’t you think? You see that motel on the left? There! There, where I’m pointing! There, the one with the … Hey, pull up! Pull up! Oh dear, pull over. I wonder what the French is for ‘I’m sorry, we appear to have dented your bumper’.


My brother’s on the slip road of the Ml motorway at Junction 14, a rucksack on his back containing sleeping bag, biscuits and a change of underwear. He’s been there for an hour and a half with his homemade sign saying ‘Anywhere’, trying to thumb a lift. There are no hostels or transport cafes in sight. The rucksack is getting heavier and the sky is getting darker. It’s not much of a life sometimes, hitch-hiking.


Brother got alift half an hour ago — for five miles. He was dropped at the next exit off the motorway and is now trying his luck on a minor road. There’s a four-star hotel on his left (full board .35 a night for a single room), a guesthouse on his right (15 per person for bed and breakfast) and a long road ahead of him.


1) Which form of transport — train, car, boat or plane — do you associate with each of thewords and phrases below?

1 set sail

2 a cruise

3 traffic jam

4 compartment

5 bonnet

6 fast lane

7 to indicate

8 sundeck

9 commuter

10 take off

11 quayside

12 mid-air collision

13 departure lounge

14 buffet car

15 pull in

16 charter flight

17 to disembark

18 express

19 bypass

20 guard’s van



2) Complete each sentence with a word from the box.

Buffet  • coach stationdeparture loungeharbourquaycabindeckdestinationplatformrunaway

  1. a) Most of the young people on the boat slept on the deck. in their sleeping bags.
  2. b) As the train drew in to the station, Terry could see her sister waiting on the ……..
  3. c) I was so nervous about flying that I left my bag in the ……..
  4. d) By the time I got to the…….., the bus to Scotland had left.
  5. e) As soon as the boat left the …….., the storm began.
  6. f) We hadn’t had anything to eat, but luckily there was a ……..on the train.
  7. g) I’m afraid there is only one first-class ……..free on the boat.
  8. h) Tim reached Paris safely, but his luggage didn’t reach its ……..
  9. i) There was a queue of cars on the…….., waiting for the car-ferry to the island.
  10. j) Our plane nearly crashed into a fire-engine on the……..


3) Cross out the incorrect word in these sentences.

1 You mustn’t ride/drive a motorbike without a crash helmet.

2 She told him to get in / get on the car and fasten his seat belt.

3 Bus fares/tickets are getting more expensive.

4 Trains to the airport travel/run every half hour.

5 The pilot couldn’t drive/fly the plane in such bad weather.

6 Have a look at the train schedule/timetable to find out when the next one arrives.

7 We were late, so we had to take/catch a taxi.

8 I left my house a bit late and I lost/missed the bus.


4)Fill the gaps with the correct word.

When you travel by train you first go to the a) ………………. to get your ticket and then to b) ……………………. to reclaim your baggage (which you deposited there because it was too heavy to carry around). Then it’s time to run to c) ……………………. to catch the train.


1 Our train leaves from ………………… 7.

2 I waited at the ………………………… for ten minutes, and then two buses arrived.

3 I couldn’t get on the first bus because it was ……………………….

4 The train was half an hour late. I think the reason for the late …………………………. was badweather.

5 Buses are not very ……………………….. . Sometimes they come every five minutes, then othertimes you have to wait for forty minutes.

6 When I got to the bus stop there was a long …………………… of people.

7 The flight was fine but we had a terrible …………………………. from the airport to our hotel.


5). Are these statements true or false in your experience?

1 Trains are more reliable than buses.

2 Train fares are more expensive than bus fares.

3 Train journeys are more interesting than bus journeys.

4 Railway stations are nicer places than bus stations.

5 You get to the place you are going faster by taxi than by car.


H/W. Ex. 1A.Fill the gaps with the correct word.

  1. When you travel somewhere by plane, first you go to the ……………………., then you go through b) ……………… until you get to the c) …………………………………… where you wait until your flight is called. Then you go to d) ………………….., for example until it is time to board the plane.


  1. When you arrive at an airport you first go through a) …………………….. then you reclaim your baggage and go through the b) ………………………….. , where they may check your luggage. Then it’s on to the c) ………………….. to be met by friends and relatives.


  1. A: Are you ready for your trip to Madrid?

B: Yes, I’ve (1) ……………. my ticket.

A; Are you just flying one-way?

B: No, I’m doing the (2) ……………………. I’ll be back on Wednesday.

A; Oh, I didn’t realize it was such a short visit. I suppose you’ve (3)……………….. a seat, then.

B: No, I haven’t. Oh this flight you can’t reserve your seat until you (4) …………….. at the airport. So I won’t be traveling (5) ……………………. or anything like that! But I’ll be sitting in the ‘No Smoking’ section of course – for the first time ever!

A; Yes, that’s fantastic. But you have definitely got a place?

B: Oh yes, My ticket is (6) ……………………….. . At least it won’t be like the last time when I was a (7) …………………. passenger. I only got on at the last moment.

A: But you will reserve a seat on the train down to London?

B: Oh yes. Last time all the seats were (8) ……………… and there was (9) …………… only. I’m not going through that again!


  1. Now, complete the sentences below with the best answer:
  2. The ___________ will be serving food and beverages after the plane reaches its cruising altitude.
  3. flight attendants B. pilots C. security officers
  4. After the plane lands, you can pick up your luggage at the ______________.
  5. boarding area B. baggage claim area C. overhead compartment
  6. If the cabin loses pressure during flight, you should put on your _____________ so you can breathe comfortably.
  7. seat belt B. life jacket C. oxygen mask




Useful Phrases

I’d like to enquire about flights
Could you tell me about the flight availability?
Do you want to go economy, business or first class?
How many of you will be travelling?
Does that include airport tax?
No, tax is another $70 on top of that
Can I book that, then?
I’d like to book a hotel room
Could you check if the hotel has any rooms free?
Is there a discount rate?
Do you mind if I book it provisionally?
I’ll call you back later to confirm





Dolores: Hello! Dolores speaking…

Tim:      Ah yes, hello. I’d like to enquire about flights to Hong Kong from Kennedy Airport in New York, please. I’m off to a conference at the end of the month – Thursday 22nd until Tuesday 27th. Could you tell me about the flight availability and prices?

Dolores: Certainly. Do you want to go economy, business or first class?

Tim:      Well, I’d like to go first class, but unfortunately I’ll have to go economy – company rules, you see.

Dolores: Yes, sure, I understand. How many of you will be travelling?

Tim:      Ah, it’s just me.

Dolores: Okay, so that’s one seat … economy … New York – Kennedy to Hong Kong Airport.

Tim:      And how much will that be?

Dolores: Let me see … to qualify for the discount rate, you need to stay over a Saturday, which you are doing … Yes, that’ll be $830.

Tim:      Right, and does that include airport tax?

Dolores: No, tax is another $70 on top of that.

Tim:      Okay. Can I book that, then?

Dolores: Certainly.


Dolores: Can I help you with anything else?

Tim:      Yes, I’d like to book a hotel room too, for the full five nights. Could you check if the Regency Hotel has any rooms free?

Dolores: Yes, they do.

Tim:      And is there a discount rate for conference delegates?

Dolores: Yes, there is. I think it’s 10% but I can check that for you.

Tim:      Okay, do you mind if I book it provisionally for now and I’ll call you back later to confirm? I just need to check one or two details.

Dolores: That’s fine, sir. Can I help you with anything else?

Tim:      No, that’s all for now. As I said, I’ll call you back.


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