Focus 4 – Grammar Revision of Mod 1-3

Grammar Revision: Modules 1-3     Focus – 4

A 1.2 Present and past habits

1 Choose the correct verb forms.

1 When she was little, she will always / would always fidget at the table.

2 He never does his homework right away. He will put off / would put off work until the last moment.

3 Many years ago I would like / used to like him.

4 We used to go / went on holiday to Greece in the summer of 2002.

5 I used to be / would be a big fan of this band.

6 I believed / would believe in Santa Claus when I was little but now I don’t anymore.

7 We would move / moved into this house 3 years ago.

8 I would always do  / used always do my homework straight after dinner.

9 My brother used to hate / would hate fresh vegetables when he was younger.

10 I wouldn’t play / didn’t used to play tennis every weekend.

/10

 

2 Complete the sentences with the correct Present Continuous or Past Continuous form of the verbs.

1 Janet _________________ (always / talk) about her current boyfriend. It’s so boring!

2 I don’t like Ms Brown. She _________________ (always / yell) at us, even if we’re quiet.

3 I used to hate going out to dinner with her. She _________________ (always / count) the calories.

4 I wasn’t very fond of their kids, they _________________ (always / run) around, screaming.

5 You _________________ (always / pretend) it’s not your fault! And it always is!

/5

 

B 1.2 Present and past habits

1 Choose the correct verb forms.

1 Nowadays, I will usually have / would usually have a sandwich for lunch and then a big dinner in the evening.

2 He will arrive / would arrive late for work most of the time. It was really annoying.

3 He used to go / went on a tour around Europe last year.

4 Before he got into trouble at school, I would hope / used to hope that he would change. But I don’t anymore.

5 We used to cycle / cycled to Norway and back in the summer of that year.

6 I used to like / would like partying when I was in college but now I prefer a quiet evening at home.

7 I wouldn’t watch / didn’t use watch much TV in the summer holidays.

8 We visited / would visit Athens last summer.

9 My uncle would buy / used buy me amazing presents!

10 I loved / would love playing football when I was younger.

/10

 

2 Complete the sentences with the correct Present Continuous or Past Continuous form of the verbs.

1 The teacher _________________ (always / give) us homework for the weekend. It’s so cruel!

2 As a kid, I _________________ (always / lose) my winter gloves. My grandma hated it.

3 You _________________ (always / tell) jokes! We were never able to have a normal conversation.

4 She’s so annoying, she _________________ (always / try) to make other people’s lives better with her unwanted advice.

5 We _________________ (always / get) ourselves into trouble when we were together. Ahh, those were the days!

/5

 

A 1.5 Verb patterns

1 Choose the correct verb forms.

1 They don’t let us use / to use our phones in classrooms.

2 Try restarting / to restart the computer. If that doesn’t work, call the IT department.

3 I sometimes hear my neighbour practise / practising on the piano. He’s getting better each day!

4 I don’t think either of us will ever forget having / to have this conversation.

5 We were walking around the park and then stopped looking / to look at the stars.

6 Will you remember picking / to pick me up from school today? And don’t be late!

7 Well, you can’t force her go / to go to college.

8 I spent most of my time in May revising / to revise for my final exams.

/8

2 Correct the sentences. Write one missing word or delete one extra word in each sentence.

1 Miss Brown always encouraged us read more.

___________________________________________

2 You don’t seem be well prepared for this exam.

___________________________________________

3 Jane, please don’t make me to call your parents!

___________________________________________

4 I saw her to eat the whole box of chocolates at one sitting!

___________________________________________

5 Please remind to go to the post office – I’m worried that I will forget.

___________________________________________

6 Many families in Indonesia can’t afford pay for their children’s education.

___________________________________________

7 I don’t remember to saying that, are you sure it was me? ___________________________________________

/7

 

B 1.5 Verb patterns

1 Choose the correct verb forms.

1 My parents make me clean / to clean my bedroom every week.

2 Please stop doing / to do whatever you’re doing and look at the board!

3 I don’t remember taking / to take that test at all! But I’m glad to hear I passed!

4 Try keeping / to keep quiet, Mary, you’re disturbing other students.

5 I watched her do / doing the whole test in under thirty minutes. It’s amazing how smart she is.

6 Do you fancy going / to go to the park after school?

7 My parents would never allow me stay / to stay out this late.

8 Oh no, I’ve forgotten bringing / to bring my books!

/8

2 Correct the sentences. Write one missing word or delete one extra word in each sentence.

1 We urged her start taking school more seriously.

___________________________________________

2 I didn’t expect do so well in this exam!

___________________________________________

3 Our teacher would never let us to cheat in tests.

___________________________________________

4 I felt my dog to wagging its tail against my leg.

___________________________________________

5 We arranged us to meet at the school canteen.

___________________________________________

6 I warned not to go there but she wouldn’t listen.

___________________________________________

7 She offered help us out financially, which was very generous of her.

___________________________________________

/7

     A 2.2 Past Perfect Simple and Continuous

1 Complete the second sentence so it has the same meaning as the first sentence. Use the Past Perfect Simple or Past Perfect Continuous.

1 3 p.m.: I’m tired, because I’ve been working in the garden since noon.

7 p.m.: I was tired this afternoon, because I ______________________ in the garden since noon.

2 Monday: Let me show you a dress I bought in Paris.

Tuesday: I showed her a dress I _____________
___________ in Paris.

3 2010: I’m happy, as I’ve been hoping for a grandchild for a few years.

2015: I was happy, as I _________________________ for a grandchild for a few years.

4 We first talked about moving in February but we didn’t actually move until October.

We moved in October after we ______________
___________ in February.

5 I was living there from the beginning of January until June. Mark moved in at the end of April.

Mark moved in when I _________________________ four months.

/5

 

2 Complete the sentences with the correct forms of the verbs in brackets. Use the Past Simple, Past Perfect Simple or Past Perfect Continuous.

1 We (a) ____________________ (already / prepare) everything by the time they (b) ____________________ (arrive).

2 I (a) ____________________ (have) a great time last night. I (b) ____________________ (never / be) to a party like that before.

3 They (a) ____________________ (get) engaged when they (b) ____________________ (only / date) for a couple of months!

4 Susan (a) ____________________ (already / study) French for months when she
(b) ____________________ (meet) Pierre.

5 Mum had lunch and then (a) ____________________ (lie down) for a few minutes as she
(b) ____________________ (not feel) well all day.

/10

B 2.2 Past Perfect Simple and Continuous

1 Complete the second sentence so it has the same meaning as the first sentence. Use the Past Perfect Simple or Past Perfect Continuous.

1 He’s never forgotten her but she doesn’t know that.

She didn’t know that he _______________________ her.

2 1:05 p.m.: Jane is calling me on my mobile and I’ve just been thinking about her!

1:30 p.m.: Jane called me when I ______________
_________ about her!

3 Monday: I’m taking the test although I haven’t studied
at all.

Wednesday: I took the test although I ______________
_________ at all.

4 I texted him once and then once again and then I called him.

I called him after I _______________________ several times.

5 We met in 2014. I was living in London from early 2013 until 2015.

We met when I _______________________ a year.

/5

 

2 Complete the sentences with the correct forms of the verbs in brackets. Use the Past Simple, Past Perfect Simple or Past Perfect Continuous.

1 He (a) _____________________          (arrive) when we
(b) _____________________ (already / wait) for him for over an hour.

2 Annie and Jake (a) _____________________ (arrive) so late that we (b) _____________________ (already / watch) half of the film.

3 We (a) _____________________ (look for) the right present for them for weeks when we finally
(b) _____________________  (come across) this painting.

4 She (a) _____________________ (revise) all of the material twice, so the night before the exam she
(b) _____________________ (feel) ready for it.

5 I (a) _____________________ (not be) sure what to expect when I went to my first yoga class, as I
(b) _____________________ (never / do) yoga before.

/10

A 2.5 Relative clauses

1 Choose the correct words to complete the text.

My oldest sister has had a baby recently, (1) which / who was a huge event in our family. My little nephew,
(2) that / who is the first grandchild of my parents, is the cutest little boy (3) that / which you could ever imagine. My brother-in-law, (4) who / whose 35th birthday was only two days before the birth of his first-born, looks like the happiest and proudest man in the world. He was an only child and often says that kids (5) who / which have no siblings miss out on very important relationships in life,
(6) that / which is why he definitely wants to have more children in the future. My sister and I grew up in a house (7) that / whose was filled with siblings and cousins and we had a lot of fun, so we both think he’s right about this.

/7

2 Choose the correct relative clause to complete each sentence.

1 My cousin, ___, is visiting us this weekend.

A which is a pilot

B is a pilot

C who is a pilot

2 Children ___ by older siblings learn how to fight for their rights.

A bossed around

B which are bossed around

C are bossed around

3 Only children, ___, may deal with fame better later in life.

A are used to receiving a lot of attention

B that are used to receiving a lot of attention

C used to receiving a lot of attention

4 My cousins, ___, live close by.

A whose mum is my dad’s sister

B their mum is my dad’s sister

C who mum is my dad’s sister

5 Children ___ develop social skills earlier.

A go to kindergarten

B that go to kindergarten

C they go to kindergarten

6 Children ___ by their grandparents are more likely to be overweight.

A which are looked after

B looked after

C are looked after

7 Some working mothers ___ decide to work from home.

A looked after young children

B who looking after young children

C looking after young children

8 My friend Jackie, ___, is used to being showered with gifts.

A that is an only child

B which is an only child

C who is an only child

 

       B 2.5 Relative clauses

1 Choose the correct words to complete the text.

Yesterday we decided to get a dog for our kids,
(1) which / that we want to keep secret from them until Christmas. The puppy (2) that / who we chose was born just three weeks ago to our friends’ dog, (3) which / that is a national champion. My wife, (4) that / who has never had a pet in her whole life, is extremely excited about this,
(5) which / that doesn’t surprise me at all. I grew up in a house (6) that / who was always home to a four-legged creature of some kind and I couldn’t imagine a better gift for my own children, (7) who / whose emotional development will only benefit from this wonderful addition to our family.

/7

 

2 Choose the correct relative clause to complete each sentence.

1 Our house, ___, is big enough for my grandparents to live with us.

A which was built ten years ago

B was built ten years ago

C who was built ten years ago

2 The dog ___ from a shelter is a mixed breed.

A we adopted

B adopting

C which we adopted it

3 Children ___ around dogs or cats are less likely to develop allergies.

A are growing up

B which grow up

C growing up

4 Kids ___learn better social skills.

A brought up with dogs

B they are brought up with dogs

C bringing them up with dogs

5 Dog ownership, ___, is a great source of joy.

A linked to better health

B linking to better health

C that is linked to better health

6 Dogs, ___, also help guard houses.

A make great companions for children

B which make great companions for children

C that make great companions for children

7 Children ___ miss out on something very valuable.

A who parents don’t allow them to have a dog

B whose parents don’t allow them to have a dog

C their parents don’t allow them to have a dog

8 Families ___ are in a good situation to adopt a pet.

A lived in houses with gardens

B live in houses with gardens

C living in houses with gardens

/8

 

A 3.2 Future forms

1 Complete each group of sentences with the Future Continuous, Future Perfect Simple or Future Perfect Continuous of the same underlined verb.

1 plan for this Friday: get into the car at 9 a.m., drive to London (two hours away)

(a) At 9.30 a.m. this Friday I _____________________.

(b) By 10 a.m. this Friday, I _____________________ for an hour.

(c) By 11 a.m. this Friday, I _____________________ to London.

 

2 plan for tomorrow: go for a run at 7 p.m., run fifteen kilometres (one hour)

(a) By 7.40 p.m. tomorrow I _____________________ ten kilometres.

(b) By 7.30 p.m. tomorrow I _____________________ for thirty minutes.

(c) At 7.15 p.m. tomorrow I _____________________.

 

3 plan for Saturday: clean the whole house, start at 10 a.m., finish at 1 p.m.

(a) From 10 a.m. till 1 p.m. this Saturday I _____________________ the house.

(b) By 1 p.m. I _____________________ the whole house.

(c) By noon, I _____________________ for two hours.

/9

 

2 Complete the sentences with the Future Continuous, Future Perfect Simple or Future Perfect Continuous form of the verbs in brackets.

1 Hopefully, I _____________________ (visit) all European capitals by the end of next year.

2 _____________________ (you / throw) a party for your birthday this year?

3 It’s been a long journey. By the end of next month I _____________________ (travel) for a full year.

4 I _____________________ (not finish) work at 6.45, so don’t call me until at least 7.00.

5 By lunch break we _____________________ (discuss) this for four hours straight. I think it’s time to make a decision.

6 This time tomorrow we _____________________ (lie) on a beautiful sandy beach!

 

B 3.2 Future forms

1 Complete each group of sentences with the Future Continuous, Future Perfect Simple or Future Perfect Continuous of the same underlined verb.

1 plan for tonight: read Chapter 1 from a new novel I got as a gift, 7 p.m.–8 p.m.

(a) By 8 p.m. tonight I _____________________the whole of Chapter 1.

(b) At 7.15 p.m. I _____________________ Chapter 1.

(c) By 7.30 p.m. I _____________________ for thirty minutes.

 

2 plan for 2017: travel round the whole world for the whole year.

(a) By July 2017 I _____________________ for six months.

(b) By the end of 2017 I _____________________ around the whole world.

(c) In 2017 I _____________________ around the world.

 

3 plan for Sunday afternoon: watch six episodes of my favourite TV show, 2 p.m.–5 p.m.

(a) On Sunday afternoon I _____________________ my favourite TV show.

(b) By 3.30 p.m. I _____________________ the show for ninety minutes.

(c) By 5 p.m. I _____________________ six episodes.

/9

 

2 Complete the sentences with the Future Continuous, Future Perfect Simple or Future Perfect Continuous form of the verbs in brackets.

1 This time next year I _____________________ (not work) for this company anymore!

2 By 10 o’clock he _____________________ (sleep) for fourteen hours! Shouldn’t we wake him up?

3 In ten minutes’ time we _____________________ (drive) for five hours. I need to stop and stretch my legs.

4 By the end of this cup I _____________________ (drink) a full litre of coffee today!

5 _____________________ (you / join) us at the party this weekend?

6 If he finishes this last mile, he _____________________ (walk) a marathon!

/6

 

A 3.5 Quantifiers

1 Complete the sentences with the words in the box. There are two words you don’t need.

both   each   either   few   great   many   much   neither   number   of

1 There are a __________ of people that I’d like to invite to my birthday party.

2 __________ member of our team will get the same prize.

3 I don’t mind which phone I get out of these two – I’d be happy to have __________ of them!

4 Very __________ famous painters were well-known before they died. They usually became famous after their death.

5 Most __________ them are Polish, but some are Italian.

6 He’s surely put a __________ deal of effort into building this house!

7 There isn’t really         __________ to do here in your free time.

8 My sisters are twins – they’re not identical but __________ of them are really pretty.

/8

 

2 Cross out the unnecessary word in each sentence. Tick (ü) the one sentence that is correct.

1 Every of person in this room is a member of our team.

2 I’m worried about my son – he has very a few friends.

3 There are a couple of people I’d like to visit in the city!

4 There were several of things that I didn’t like about that movie.

5 Your parents are the best, they were the both so nice to me!

6 I’m sorry, I have very a little time now, could we talk about this later?

7 There are a lots of people you can talk to.

/7

 

 

B 3.5 Quantifiers

1 Complete the sentences with the words in the box. There are two words you don’t need.

a   all   deal   either   every   little   many   much   neither   of

1 I have very __________ time, so please let’s hurry up!

2 I like __________ song on this album!

3 They’re both quite charming but __________ of them seems to be very bright.

4 There are plenty __________ other options, don’t worry!

5 She sacrificed a great __________ of time for this project.

6 There weren’t really that __________ people she could talk to.

7 __________ of her paintings, without exception, have her signature in the bottom right corner.

8 There are __________ number of questions that we’d like to ask you.

/8

 

2 Cross out the unnecessary word in each sentence. Tick (ü) the one sentence that is correct.

1 Each of child got a prize for their achievement.

2 A several people from my office will be coming to dinner tomorrow.

3 There’s no of space on the floor anymore – I need to tidy my room!

4 I have a loads of work to do tonight!

5 Neither of us enjoyed the trip.

6 There isn’t really a much time before the train leaves.

7 I’m afraid I have too little an experience to do this job.

/7

 

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